Spray Paint Booths

Spray Paint Booths

Woodworking Finishing: Quality through Consistency

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A uniform appearance is essential from batch to batch, especially in woodworking applications where a variety of similar components may be assembled to produce a finished product. A spray paint booth provides this level of quality, easily replicating results for everything from toys and desks to pianos and fine furniture, with woodworking finishing supplies that include:

  • NGR dye stains and sealers
  • Nitrocellulose lacquers
  • Catalyzed lacquers and varnishes
  • Primers
  • Sealants
  • Glazing
  • Urethane
  • Texturing

Within this specialized subset, there are a couple different options, namely:

  1. Open face spray booths with vented exhaust
  2. Enclosed light industrial models that feature a variety of circulating airflow systems

Gail O'Rourke, a cabinetmaker, kitchen designer, and project manager from White Wood Kitchens in Sandwich, MA offered important insight to using either option.

"It's important to note that the installation of spray booths is regulated by the local codes of the Building Department, and will require full HVAC and sometimes building permits before installation. Keep in mind the possibility of additional insurances based on location, and the operating costs of replacing dirty air filters so they don't impact the quality or performance of the booth."

Gail provided BuyerZone with this examples of a kitchen finished with a large enclosed spray booth. As well as the example below of kitchen cabinets finished with an open face booth.

Cabinets Finished With Open Face Booth

Here's how the two woodworking options compare.

Open face spray booths

This is the most common type of woodworking spray booth found among small shops and individual craftsmen as it fits easily into the corner of just about any garage, back room, or production facility. Produced by leading manufacturers like Tools USA and Eagle Equipment, the open face design also comes in two different configurations: open floor and bench style.

Open Face Woodworking Booth

While the open floor configuration provides the greatest amount of available work space for larger items, the bench style is ideal for smaller, time-consuming items that require extra detail. It's also worth noting that most bench style booths feature a standard bench height of about 2' 10" to facilitate production with workers either standing or sitting.

Depending on your specific application, the type and size you need will differ. A range with both options includes:

Open Face Woodworking Booth Options
Type Working Dimensions (W-H-L) Exterior Dimensions (W-H-L) 4-Tube Fluorescent Light Fixtures Exhaust Filters (20" x 24") Estimated Cost
Bench (Small) 3' x 4' 2" x 3' 6" 3' 4" x 7' 2" x 3' 8" Optional 2 $1,800 - $3,000
Bench (Large) 8' x 4' x 3' 8' 4" x 7' 2" x 5' 2" Optional 2 $2,700 - $4,700
Open Face (Small) 8' x 12' x 5' 8' 4" x 12' 2" x 8' 8" 1 24 $4,700
Open Face (Medium) 14' x 12' x 5' 14' 4" x 12' 8" x 9' 2 42 $6,700
Open Face (Large) 20' x 10' x 5' 20' 4" x 10' 8" x 9' 4 50 $9,000

Light industrial spray booths

Substantially larger than their open face cousins, the enclosed variety requires a little more forethought when it comes to your woodworking shop plans. Depending on the type you select, light industrial booths for woodworking usually feature either a cross flow or semi-downdraft airflow design, as these two methods have been shown to consistently deliver results that are free from flaws, dust, and other airborne particles - making them ideal for woodworking finishing.

Down Draft Schematic

In short, cross draft airflow draws air from filters installed within the product entry doors. From there, the air is channeled through the length of the booth and exits through an exhaust chamber. Semi-downdraft airflow pulls air through the product entry door too but also draws from filters in the ceiling as well. This provides both a higher degree of over spray control and also cuts down on the amount of prep required. Both options are more economical than full downdraft systems as their design eliminates the need for costly exhaust pits.

You can expect models that range within the following configurations:

Light Industrial Woodworking Booth Options
Type Working Dimensions (W-H-L) Exterior Dimensions (W-H-L) Entrance Doors (H-W) 4-Tube Fluorescent Light Fixtures Estimated Cost
Cross flow 12' 9&" x 8' 4" x 20' 1" 13' x 8' 10" x 23' 4" 8' x 10' 6 $5,500
Cross flow 14' x 9" x 26' 6" 14' 3" x 9' 2" x 26' 9" 9' x 10' 10 $6,500
Light Duty Semi-Downdraft 12' 9" x 8' 4" x 20' 1" 13' x 10' 7" x 23' 4" 10' x 8' 4" 6 $6,700 - $24,000
Light Duty Semi-Downdraft 14' x 9" x 26' 7" 14' 3" x 11' 2" x 26' 10" 9' x 10' 10 $7,900 - $24,000
Applying Varnish

For woodworking finishing that includes stains, sealers, and fillers, as well as topcoats like nitrocellulose or catalyzed lacquer, the main choice centers on speed and productivity requirements. Two popular examples include:

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